- Fissure Seals
- Root Canals
- Teeth Whitening
- Teeth Straightening
- Complete and Partial Dentures
- Implants and Bone Grafts
Preventive care dentistry is the core of having a lifetime of good dental health. Even though most Australian adults think they have good teeth and dental hygiene, in fact they may suffer from serious gum diseases. Gum disease is the leading cause of losing teeth, not tooth decay. Most tooth decay and periodontal disease are preventable through proper brushing and flossing between the teeth at home and regular cleaning and care at the dentist’s office. Prophylaxis, or professional cleaning of the teeth, is usually done by a dental hygienist or dentist. Cleaning tools called scalers, either manual or ultrasonic, are used to remove tartar and other material.
Ideally, you should visit your dentist once every 6 months to check your oral hygiene. The cleaning services offered by Bytes of Northcote are affordable and help you in maintaining an attractive and healthy smile that lasts a lifetime.
A dental sealant (or fissure seal) is a preventative treatment that seals the patterns on the tops of your back teeth to help protect them. Special dental paint is used to paint the chewing (occlusal) surface of your tooth. This flows into all the nooks and crannies to seal them, making the tooth easier to keep clean and less likely to decay.
Dental fillings restore a tooth to its original form and function. The structural loss typically results from caries or external trauma. Dental restorations (fillings) may be fabricated out of a variety of materials. Common direct restorative materials include dental amalgam (toxic), glass ionomer cement and composite resins. Common indirect restorative materials include acrylic, porcelain, zircon, gold and other metals. Composite fillings are a mixture of glass or quartz filler in a resin medium that produces a tooth-coloured filling. Composite fillings provide good durability and resistance to fracture in small-to-mid size restorations that need to withstand moderate chewing pressure. Less tooth structure is removed when the dentist prepares the tooth, and this may result in a smaller filling than that of an amalgam. Composites can also be “bonded” or adhesively held in a cavity, often allowing the dentist to make a more conservative repair to the tooth. Composite fillings are considered superior to dental amalgam fillings and are more aesthetic and non toxic. Indirect restorations like crowns or on-lays may be needed if more strength is desired in any situation. We do not use mercury amalgam fillings at Bytes of Northcote. We do, however remove amalgam fillings with the upmost care and use mercury traps so toxins are not released in to our waterways.
Root canals (also called endodontics) are beneficial if you have a tooth whose internal structures are damaged. Root canal therapy can restore your tooth to its state of health by treating the damaged part of your tooth. Inside each tooth is the pulp which provides nutrients and nerves to the tooth, it runs like a thread down through the root. When the pulp is diseased or injured, the pulp tissue dies. If you don’t remove it, your tooth gets infected and you could lose it. After the dentist removes the pulp, the root canal is cleaned and sealed off to protect it. Then your dentist may choose to place a crown over the tooth to help make it stronger or replace it with an implant. Most of the time, a root canal is a relatively simple procedure with little or no discomfort involving one to three visits.
A crown is a restoration that completely covers a tooth to give it strength and support. It can restore a tooth to its normal shape and size and can make your tooth stronger and improve its appearance. A crown can also cover and support a tooth with a large filling when there isn’t enough tooth left. It can be used to attach a bridge, protect a weak tooth from breaking or restore one that’s already broken. A crown is a good way to cover teeth that are discolored or badly shaped. It’s also used to cover a dental implant.
Dentists recommend bridges (sometimes called a fixed partial denture), if you are missing one or more teeth. Bridges help maintain the shape of your face, as well as alleviating the stress in your bite by replacing missing teeth. The restoration can be made from gold, alloys, porcelain or a combination of these materials and is bonded onto surrounding teeth for support. An implant bridge attaches artificial teeth directly to the jaw or under the gum tissue. Depending on which type of bridge your dentist recommends, its success depends on its foundation. So it’s very important to keep your remaining teeth healthy and strong.
Each of your teeth is made up of an inner dentin layer and a hard outer enamel layer which protects them. Tooth stains occur because foreign material (food, coffee, cigarette smoke, etc.) accumulates to form a pellicle film over the enamel layer. As this pellicle layer sits on your teeth for years and years, the foreign material gets into the enamel. The enamel layer is made up of hydroxyapatite crystals, which form microscopic hexagonal “rods.” As the enamel is porous, the staining agents work their way down into the tooth. Whitening can be achieved in two ways : In-office whitening OR Take home whitening. If you want to have a whiter or brighter smile you can ask our friendly dentists about the whitening procedures.
Dental Veneers (also called porcelain veneers or dental porcelain laminates) are thin, custom-made porcelain shells crafted of tooth-coloured materials designed to cover the front side of teeth. These shells are bonded to the front of the teeth changing their colour, shape, size or length. They’re made by a dental technician, usually in a dental lab, working from a model provided by the dentist.
Veneers are routinely used for:
- Chipped teeth
- Teeth that are discoloured
- Teeth that are worn down
- Teeth that are misaligned, uneven, or irregularly shaped
- Teeth with gaps between them
Complete and Partial Dentures:
Dentures are prosthetic teeth constructed to replace missing teeth, which are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. There are two main categories of dentures, depending on whether they are used to replace missing teeth on the mandibular arch or the maxillary arch. Partial dentures are for patients who are missing some of their teeth on a particular arch. Complete dentures or full dentures are worn by patients who are missing all their teeth in an arch (i.e the maxillary or mandibular arch). If you are not satisfied with the look or fit of your dentures, you can visit the office for a consultation. We can fabricate precision partial dentures and dentures/ partials without metal clips that are visible. We can also fabricate implant supported dentures which are comfortable and can help a patient to chew and smile comfortably without embarrassment. Even if you wear full dentures, you still must take good care of your mouth. Brush your gums, tongue and palate every morning with a soft-bristled brush before you insert your dentures to stimulate circulation in your tissues and help remove plaque. You also need to visit your dentist regularly for a check-up and an oral cancer screening.
Extractions and Wisdom Teeth:
A dental extraction is the removal of a tooth from the mouth. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons. Tooth decay that has destroyed enough tooth structure to prevent restoration is the most frequent indication for extraction of teeth. The most common reason for extracting a tooth is tooth damage such as breakage or fracture. Some other possible reasons for tooth extraction are as follows:
- Extra teeth which are blocking other teeth from coming in
- Severe gum disease which may affect the supporting tissues and bone structures of teeth.
- Severe tooth decay or infection.
- In preparation for orthodontic treatment (braces)
- Receiving radiation to the head and neck may require extraction of teeth in the field of radiation.
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt. Wisdom teeth generally cause problems when they erupt partially through the gum. The most common reasons for removing them are decay, gum infection (Pericoronitis), pressure pain, orthodontic reasons and cyst formation.
With today’s modern procedures and follow up care as recommended by the dentist, extractions are simple and relatively pain free.
A dental implant is a device that is used to replace the root portion of a missing tooth or missing teeth. Dental implants are used to support natural looking teeth and enable patients who are missing some or all of their natural teeth to smile, speak with confidence and chew their food more comfortably.
Implants offer stability because they fuse to your bone. Integration of the implants into your jaw also helps your replacement teeth feel more natural and some people also find the secure fit more comfortable than conventional substitutes.
Implants are constructed from materials that are compatible with the tissues of the body. The most common type of dental implant that is placed into the jaw bone is the threaded titanium cylinder.
Dental implants are also available as non-threaded, non-tapered cylinders and as non-threaded, tapered cylinders.
The type of implant used is decided upon by the surgeon and depends on the location in the jaw that the implant is needed, and the forces that the implant will encounter.
Bone Grafting or Guided Bone Regeneration -GBR procedures usually try to re-establish bone dimension, which was lost due to resorption. A bone graft normally takes at least four to six months to heal, before a dental implant can be placed into it.
There are times also that multiple grafts may be needed to produce the amount of bone needed. This is dependent on a person’s health and amount of bone being grafted. In certain cases, the surgeon may need to do a bone graft at the time of Implant placement.
Replacing missing bone or adding to existing bone is very often essential to the success of a dental implant and the ensuing restoration.
The success of a dental implant, its ability to support a dental restoration, is very much dependent upon how much bone is available in the site where the implant is placed. There are lots of things that affect the bone volume including things like periodontal disease, trauma and infections and in some cases the sinuses may expand into available space thus decreasing the bone volume.
However, modern dental techniques assure that the success rate is quite high in patients who are basically healthy.